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 Table of Contents  
SHORT COMMUNICATION
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 217-218

Discouraging the use of tobacco among men globally: World Health Organization


1 Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpaet District, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpaet District, Tamil Nadu, India

Date of Submission28-Dec-2019
Date of Decision28-Apr-2020
Date of Acceptance09-May-2020
Date of Web Publication11-Aug-2021

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (SBV) – Deemed to be University, Tiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpaet District, Tamil Nadu - 603 108
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/bjhs.bjhs_82_19

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  Abstract 


Reduction in the incidence of tobacco use and the attributed health consequences has been acknowledged as one of the important international public health priorities. The available global estimates suggest that in the last two decades, the use of tobacco has declined, and this has been mainly because of the decrease in the number of females using the same. However, for the very first time in 2019, a major shift in the tobacco epidemic has been highlighted owing to the reduction in the number of males using tobacco or its products. This reported decline is a clear marker of the fact that sustained political commitment and implementation of the evidence-based targeted strategies can deliver encouraging outcomes. In conclusion, the reported trend of decline in tobacco use among men is an important milestone in our battle against the global tobacco epidemic. However, the national policymakers should not reduce the intensity of the efforts and should strive hard to meet the set global targets.

Keywords: Global, men, tobacco, World Health Organization


How to cite this article:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Discouraging the use of tobacco among men globally: World Health Organization. BLDE Univ J Health Sci 2021;6:217-8

How to cite this URL:
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Discouraging the use of tobacco among men globally: World Health Organization. BLDE Univ J Health Sci [serial online] 2021 [cited 2022 Jul 6];6:217-8. Available from: https://www.bldeujournalhs.in/text.asp?2021/6/2/217/323720



Reduction in the incidence of tobacco use and the attributed health consequences has been acknowledged as one of the important international public health priorities.[1],[2] This is predominantly because of the fact that almost 50% of the global tobacco users succumb to its ill effects, and it is alarming that on an annual basis, tobacco use has been attributed to the death of 8 million users worldwide.[1] Further, the trends have been quite dismal in the developing nations, which account for not only four-fifths of the global smokers but also a major proportion of the deaths.[1] In addition, tobacco use casts a significant impact on the health system, quality of life of users, financial growth, and sustainable development of the nation.[2]


  Men Reporting a Decline in Tobacco Use Top


The magnitude of the problem and its global distribution was realized at the start of the twentieth century itself, and this led to a collaboration between the Member States of the World Health Organization for the formulation of specific strategies to eventually reduce the tobacco demand.[3] Further, different nations have come up with innovative strategies (viz., smoke-free films, mTobacco cessation programs, and assistance to quit tobacco), and together, we have been able to stem the rise in the use of tobacco.[1],[4] The findings of a cross-sectional study done in Lebanon indicated that the representation of pictorial and textual warnings on the packets was linked with better intention and motivation to quit water-pipe smoking.[5] The available global estimates suggest that in the last two decades, the use of tobacco has declined, and this has been mainly because of the decrease in the number of females using the same, without any effect on the use among men.[3]

However, for the very first time in 2019, a major shift in the tobacco epidemic has been highlighted owing to the reduction in the number of males using tobacco or its products.[3] Further, it has been projected that the number of male tobacco users worldwide can decline further by 5 million till 2025, if we remain sustainable in our prevention and control efforts.[3] This reported decline is a clear marker of the fact that sustained political commitment and implementation of the evidence-based targeted strategies can deliver encouraging outcomes.[3],[6]


  Way Forward Top


Nevertheless, it is important to realize that we will fail to accomplish the global target of 30% reduction in the tobacco use by the year 2025, and it is an indicator that a lot still needs to be done.[1],[2],[3],[4] As we all are pretty much aware about the stubbornness of the tobacco industry, the need of the hour is not only to implement essential policies but also to ensure that they are in place and benefiting the general population on the global front.[2],[3],[4] If we falter now or become complacent, it will not take much time for undoing of all the gains achieved so far.

The secret to our success today and in the future across the world will be determined by our untiring and persistent efforts, which should essentially involve all the concerned stakeholders.[1],[3] Apart from strengthening the existing measures, it is important to conduct nationwide survey focusing on monitoring tobacco use among adults and adolescents periodically, the results of which can be used to plan or modify our actions.[3] Moreover, as the rate of decline among men is lesser and slower than women, the formulated policies have to be built keeping this gender perspective in mind.[3]


  Conclusion Top


The reported trend of decline in tobacco use among men is an important milestone in our battle against the global tobacco epidemic. However, the national policymakers should not reduce the intensity of the efforts and should strive hard to meet the set global targets.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
  References Top

1.
World Health Organization. Tobacco-Key Facts; 2019. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/tobacco. [Last accessed on 2019 Dec 27].  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Tobacco: A serious threat to the development of a nation. Int J Prev Med 2019;10:73.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]  [Full text]  
3.
World Health Organization. WHO Global Report on Trends in Prevalence of Tobacco use 2000-2025. 3rd ed. Geneva: WHO Press; 2019. p. 1-24.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Implementing mTobacco Cessation Program in India to assist users in quitting tobacco: World Health Organization. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2017;10:1417-8.  Back to cited text no. 4
  [Full text]  
5.
Hallit S, Layoun N, Malaeb D, Outayek M, Boueid MJ, Waked M, et al. The impact of textual and pictorial warnings on Tumbac (waterpipe tobacco) boxes on the motivation and intention to quit waterpipe smoking in Lebanon: A cross-sectional study. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2019;26:36647-57.  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Heydari G, Ahmady AE, Lando HA, Chamyani F, Masjedi M, Shadmehr MB, et al. A qualitative study on a 30-year trend of tobacco use and tobacco control programmes in Islamic Republic of Iran. East Mediterr Health J 2016;22:335-42.  Back to cited text no. 6
    




 

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